All this is not to say legal action, legitimate service success etc etc won’t work. They will, but it will be a gradual process. It’s going to be the sort of progress you measure in years, not in months. Our latest European consumer survey at JupiterResearch (which is available to Jupiter clients) shows a marginal average decrease across major markets but significant increases in markets such as Spain and Italy. Of course it is too soon to gauge what impact legal activity is having, but my guess is that if and when I post on the same topic this time next year, illegal file sharing will be far from just a bad memory.